Euthanasia: To End Person’s Life Intentionally
Euthanasia is a practice of ending one's life intentionally in order to relieve pain and and suffering. Every country have different laws for euthanasia.
Euthanasia has long been controversial and emotive topic. In most of the, countries this practice along with assisted-suicide is prohibited. It may carries jail sentence for ending person’s life as well.
Euthanasia: A doctor is allowed by law to end a person’s life by a painless means, as long as the patient and their family agree.
Assisted suicide: A doctor assists a patient to commit suicide if they request it.
Euthanasia can be categorized as voluntary and involuntary.
Voluntary: When euthanasia is conducted with consent. Voluntary euthanasia is currently legal in Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Switzerland, and the states of Oregon and Washington in the U.S.
Non-voluntary: When euthanasia is conducted on a person who is unable to consent due to their current health condition. In this scenario the decision is made by another appropriate person, on behalf of the patient, based on their quality of life and suffering.
Involuntary: When euthanasia is performed on a person who would be able to provide informed consent, but does not, either because they do not want to die, or because they were not asked. This is called murder, as it’s often against the patients will.
There are two procedures of Euthanasia; one is Passive Euthanasia and other is Active Euthanasia.
Passive euthanasia is when life-sustaining treatments are withheld. The definitions are not precise. If a doctor prescribes increasing doses of strong painkilling medications, such as opioids, this may eventually be toxic for the patient. Some may argue that this is passive euthanasia.
Others, however, would say this is not euthanasia, because there is no intention to take life.
Active euthanasia is when someone uses lethal substances or forces to end a patient’s life, whether by the patient or somebody else.
Active euthanasia is more controversial, and it is more likely to involve religious, moral, ethical, and compassionate arguments.
In countries where euthanasia or assisted suicide are legal, they are responsible for a total of between 0.3 and 4.6 percent Trusted Source of deaths, over 70 percent of which relate to cancer. In Oregon and Washington states, fewer than 1 percent of physicians write prescriptions that will assist suicide each year.
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